China's 'Great Firewall' Emulated By More Countries, Including the United States

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From January to mid-August 2018, local authorities ordered service providers to temporarily shut down Internet access in at least 96 reported incidents in 19 states, the report said. "If the Soviet Union couldn't surprise a platoon of pamphleteers, how can China survive an army of bloggers?"

China's internet censorship model is being emulated across the world, a new report shows.

The report found 17 governments approved or proposed laws restricting online media in the name of fighting 'fake news, ' while 18 countries increased surveillance or weakened encryption protection to more closely monitor their citizenry.

China is exporting its Great Firewall tech to other authoritarian countries, like Russian Federation and Uganda, so they can censor their citizens better.

In May, the government issued a proclamation on website and social media control that Freedom House believes lays the groundwork for future blocking and filtering of online content and provides excessive surveillance powers to the government.

This week, the UN's International Telecommunication Union gathered for its quadrennial meeting in Dubai.

But it isn't just China's attitudes and influence that is affecting worldwide internet freedoms: the "fake news" rhetoric - popularised by USA president Donald Trump - is a handy hook for authoritarian governments to hang their regulatory hats on.

Governments are looking to control more of your internet usage. Internet censorship, known as the Great Firewall, has ramped up under Xi, transforming into an "alarmingly effective apparatus of censorship and surveillance".

The doctrine of cyber sovereignty, as advocated by Xi Jinping, will be on full display next month at China's own World Internet Conference in the southern Chinese river town of Wuzhen.

India has taken the number one position in the world for the highest number of internet shutdowns by the government.

China has also hosted journalists and media from other countries - including the Philippines and Thailand - for workshops and conferences to learn about its sprawling system of censorship and surveillance.

Golden Frog's Yokubaitis said his company had seen Chinese-style tactics being adopted in Russian Federation and the Middle East, adding that China is "exporting blocking technologies to countries with repressive regimes".

The US pro-democracy think tank Freedom House produces a report on internet freedoms each year. Its officials help to train other countries in digital authoritarianism, holding seminars with representatives from 36 out of the 65 countries assessed.

Ukraine became 33 in the ranking of freedom of expression online and located in the middle of the list, which consists of 65 countries.

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