President Trump's appointment of a new, conservative Supreme Court justice could have a major impact on a number of federal laws, but pro-abortion rights groups fear Roe v. Wade could be one of the biggest to be overturned. One of these will have to succeed in persuading the majority of the Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade in order for further measures to be taken against it.
And that's exactly what has happened with President Donald Trump's nomination of Brett Kavanaugh, the 53-year-old Court of Appeals judge he picked to replace the retiring Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy.
"Kavanaugh was chosen because he lives up to Trump's litmus test and will be a vote to end Roe v. Wade, criminalize abortion, and punish women".
The campaign includes a new digital ad "Vote for Roe or We'll Vote You Out", as well as robust six figure TV ad buy championing what the governor said is his "record on women's rights".
"Today we are standing together here in NY to stop this federal assault and take new action to expand reproductive rights in NY and remind everyone that a room of men have no business undermining a woman's constitutional right to choose", she said about the executive order.
Even so, Trump and those advising him throughout the process of choosing a Supreme Court nominee have maintained that the president has refrained from raising the issue with any of his potential court picks.
"Judge Kavanaugh has also written some troubling things about environmental protections, consumer protections, and common-sense gun safety laws - all of which should be carefully examined by this Senate and by the American people before we have any hearings", Schumer said.
Roe v. Wade was first argued in December 1971, re-argued in October 1972, and decided on January 22, 1973, when it became the law of the land.
As of now, four states - Louisiana, Mississippi and North and South Dakota - have what are known as abortion "trigger laws".
"In the face of this federal assault, NY is going to protect itself because this state has always been the progressive capital of the nation".
If confirmed, Kavanaugh would make the high court solidly conservative.
He has authored opinions that directly contradict Roe v. Wade by restricting a woman's access. What they didn't have was the choice of having the abortion in a hospital where they could go for that legal medical procedure without running the gauntlet of men and women ridiculing and bullying them to change their minds.
So what does this mean if the landmark Roe v. Wade ruling were to be overturned?
"What we don't want is to have people go to the courts with a specific objective or policy criteria".
Cohen thinks the more likely scenario is for the majority-conservative Supreme Court to incrementally chip away at abortion access with a series of rulings, a strategy some call "death by 1,000 cuts".
A lot is left to be decided by the Court, but Covington said it's certain that "the boundary of Roe is going to continue to be defined".