The idea was to keep the internet open and uncensored.
That means internet providers can speed up, slow down or block websites without violating federal regulations.
Last month, the Senate passed a measure to preserve the net neutrality rules. The new legislation replaces "net neutrality" rules introduced by the Obama administration that aimed to ensure that internet service providers treat all online content, apps and traffic equally. That decision goes into effect Monday, shifting the authority for policing the broadband industry to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
Pai has said he agrees with the concept of a "free and open" internet, but disagrees that regulating the service like phone networks is the best way to achieve that goal. Despite efforts from state officials and members of Congress, there will now be fewer rules governing how Internet providers can operate.
Advocates of net neutrality fear without the rules in place, internet providers will have too much control over web content. Now the vote goes the House, which has until the end of the year to bring to a vote. With the June 11 date approaching, several senators asked House Speaker Paul Ryan to schedule a vote on the issue. Lawsuits and "mass online actions" will slow the pace of any changes as companies will want to see how it all plays out. Others, including the governors of Montana and NY, used executive orders to force net neutrality. Some states, like New Jersey, Washington, and California, have been actively working on state laws that would keep net neutrality alive within their jurisdictions.
Congress attempted to overturn the FCC repeal, passing a resolution to do so with a bipartisan vote in May. Per the net neutrality order, states can not enact any legislation that attempts to circumvent the repeal.
"It's patently illegal for the states to make their own internet policy", Roslyn Layton, a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute who served on President Trump's transition team for the FCC, told CNNMoney last month.