Google’s doodle remembers Apgar Score and its creator Virginia Apgar

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The US clinician was born in 1909 in Westfield, New Jersey to a musical family.

It wasn't until she invented the Apgar score that she began to earn the recognition that she deserved, but she didn't stop there.

Severe medical problems in her family led her to develop an interest in science and medicine. However, the number of infant deaths within the first 24 hours after birth stayed constant.

Thursday's a href="" Google Doodle celebrates the birthday of Dr. Virginia Apgar, whose Apgar Score has saved countless lives. The system relied on five indicators, which are to be observed nurses or the delivery room personnel within one minute of birth.

She chose to enter the world of medicine after her elder brother died of tuberculosis.

When she graduated in 1925 she knew she wanted to become a doctor and completed a residency at P&S in 1937. In 1949, she became the first woman to be named a full professor at the medical school she attended, Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York City.

Whipple felt the scientific discipline needed advancing and she had the "energy and ability" to help it.

Dr Virginia Apgar developed the score in 1952 to quantify the effect of obstetric anaesthesia on babies.

Apgar even linked the scores to infant mortality; the lowest-scoring babies had a mortality rate of 14%, compared to 0.13% for the highest-scoring babies.

By the 1960s the technique was the main shorthand for recording a child's health. She went on to research birth defects and over the course of her career wrote scientific articles, essays, a book and more. She is known for her work in the fields of anaesthesiology and teratology, a field related to anesthesia (loss of sensation), anesthetics and the study of abnormalities of psychological development in newly-born babies babies.

She trained in anaesthesia at the University of Wisconsin and Bellevue Hospital in the United States, but returned to Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in 1938.

Apart from music, she nurtured her garden and also enjoyed collecting stamps.