The strikes were a response to a suspected chemical weapons attack on the Syrian town of Douma last weekend which killed dozens of civilians.
Since 2015 France has carried out air strikes against Islamic State in Syria as part of allied forces linked to the US-led coalition, conducting about 5 percent of total coalition air missions.
British Prime Minister Theresa May won backing from her senior ministers on Thursday to take unspecified action with the United States and France to deter further use of chemical weapons by Syria.
"Today, I called the Ambassadors of the five Permanent Members of the Security Council to reiterate my deep concern about the risks of the current impasse and stressed the need to avoid the situation spiraling out of control", he said, referring to the United States, Russia, China, France and Britain.
"The U.S. - the possessor of the biggest arsenal of chemical weapons - has no moral right to blame other countries". "We warned that such actions will not be left without consequences", Antonov said.
After the U.S., the United Kingdom and France fired missiles on facilities in Syria thought to be storage and production centers for chemical weapons, Russian Federation was quick in responding with harsh words yet no military reaction.
"A perfectly executed strike last night", tweeted President Trump.
The meeting was called by Russian Federation to address USA threatened military action in response to last weekend's attack in the Damascus suburb of Douma.
Vice-President Mike Pence, in Peru for a meeting of regional leaders, said "there will be a price to pay" involving military force if Syrian chemical weapons are used again.
"To make matters worse, it is Russian Federation alone that had agreed to be the guarantor of the removal of all chemical weapons from Syria", Haley said.
The White House pushed back against suggestions that Trump had broadcast his plans for military strikes via Twitter, saying he had not laid out a timetable for action, that all options were still on the table and he was assessing how to respond.
What is less clear is whether sarin - the agent used in the chemical attack that prompted United States missile strikes previous year - or a similar agent was also used.
But this unfolded in the context of what appears to be presidential ambivalence about the Russian Federation threat.
Senior Russian figures, including the head of the military, warned that USA missiles will be shot down and their launch sites targeted if Russian personnel come under threat, the report said.
The US ambassador to the UN, Nikki Hayley, told the network: "We definitely have enough proof, but now we just have to be thoughtful in our action".
Alexander Sherin, deputy head of the State Duma's defense committee, said Trump "can be called Adolf Hitler No. 2 of our time - because, you see, he even chose the time that Hitler attacked the Soviet Union".
US President Trump has warned Russian Federation to prepare for new, smart and nice missiles that were coming to Syria.
Russian Federation has been a staunch ally of Syrian President Bashar Assad's government and has helped turn the tide of war in his favor since entering the conflict in September 2015.
"Our relationship with Russian Federation is worse now than it has ever been, and that includes the Cold War", he tweeted, a day after his country and Russian Federation clashed diplomatically in the UN Security Council over the draft resolutions to deal with the allegations of chemical weapons use in Syria by the Syrian forces. He was speaking a day after French President Emmanuel Macron said France had proof there was a chemical attack - also without revealing what that evidence was.
"Insulting the President of Russian Federation is unacceptable and inadmissible", he added.
Russian Federation recently stated "it would certainly react to any sort of United States missiles shot on Syria by shooting all of them down" and even "targeting their launch locations".
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation members Germany and the Netherlands have said they will not take part in any military action.
"Due to its inability - or refusal to curb Assad's crimes, Russian Federation must assume responsibility for his behavior", they said.