Water crisis: Are bigger dams the answer?

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Jacobson concluded: "Bluewater and I-Drop show how modern technology can drive alternative solutions to improve water access from non-traditional sources and disrupt the need to use environmentally unsustainable single-use plastics".

"Only if each of us reduces our daily use down to 50 liters or less, and the City implements the necessary projects, will we avoid Day Zero", the city's website says.

Mogale City Local Municipality's Public Safety Department impounded a double tanker truck in Muldersdrift for loading water out of a municipal point without permission on Thursday, 1 February.

According to EWN, residents have already donated 100,000 litres of water which Gift of the Givers trucks will be transporting to the Mother City.

They also want restaurants to forget about using napkins that need washing, steer away from offering foods which require lots of water to prepare such as pasta, and steam rather than boil vegetables. In East London, residents have started collecting water to send to Cape Town.

"Upon arrival at the agreed pickup point for the water, the Crossroads vehicle was rerouted by the bulk water supplier personnel to a different location in Muldersdrift".

Harnessing patented second generation reverse osmosis technology, the Bluewater water station uses a compact Bluewater Pro water purifier, which can generate up to 8 000 litres of purified water every day, removing toxic metals, chemicals, pesticides and bacteria and viruses.

Current dam levels fell last week to 26.3 percent, with the last 10 percent hard to use, according to the Cape Town government.

An Australian study on droughts found that people are only willing to make the sacrifices to convenience that save water if they trust the authorities. As the earth's climate fluctuates and humans continue to consume water at the same levels without exploring sustainable alternatives, Cape Town is only going to be the first in a long list of cities facing similar crises.

"It is unfortunate that we have had our fingers burned in this way but we will endeavour to ease the burden on the people of Cape Town". Yaseen Theba from Operation SA said that during 2014 and 2015, bottled water was distributed to provinces without water due to poor infrastructure problems.

There's a fascinating cautionary tale playing out in Cape Town, South Africa - one that has an echo that many environmentalists know well. In Cape Town, gangs have been hoarding water in violation with daily limits, hoping that they will later be able to sell the water at exorbitant rates to desperate people.